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Shelter Inflation Stays High Despite Decline In Home Price Growth

This article was originally published on UPFINA.

The post Shelter Inflation Stays High Despite Decline In Home Price Growth appeared first on UPFINA – Pursuit of Truth in Finance & Economics.

While jobless claims fell in the week of May 4th to 228,000 from 230,000, this report was highly disappointing. 3 weeks prior, when claims increased to 230,000, economists said they jumped because of the Easter holiday season. However, now we have 3 weeks of elevated claims which have caused the 4 week moving average, seen in the chart below, to increase from 201,500 to 220,250.

This isn’t a recessionary warning, but it is something to follow closely as jobless claims are finally following the boost in layoff announcements seen in Q1. On a yearly basis, growth in the 4 week moving average of claims increased from -10.6%, 3 weeks ago, to 2.3%.

Claims of 228,000 were 13,000 higher than the consensus as
economists keep waiting for claims to drop after the Easter holiday season
which is now far in the past. To be fair, there is still hope seasonally
adjusted claims might come back down because non-seasonally adjusted claims
aren’t elevated much sequentially. In the same 3 week period, non-seasonally
adjusted weekly claims increased from 196,000 to 204,000. That’s a small blip
in this volatile reading. It’s nowhere near the peak in January. However, that
peak occurred because of seasonal weakness in the labor market. Year over year
non-seasonally adjusted growth in weekly claims once again favors the bears. Yearly
growth was 7% in the week of May 4th as you can see from the chart
below. The yearly growth of 9.8% in the previous week was the highest since September
2017.

Source: FRED

Even with all this analysis, we still aren’t sure about the
labor market because claims have lost correlation with the labor market since states
have lowered the amount of unemployment benefits and how many people qualify. That
being said, jobless claims are still in the Conference Board’s leading
indicators index. Claims won’t hurt the index in April, but they could hurt it
in May if the results stay where they are now. If claims show a few more weeks
of weakness, investors will take note. Because adjusted claims were 198,000 in
the week of April 13th, if claims don’t crash in next week’s report,
the 4 week average will explode higher. It’s very likely that claims will be
above 198,000 next report.

Modest April CPI Report

The April CPI report was weak even though technically core CPI increased from March. Monthly headline CPI was 0.3% which missed estimates and last month’s reading of 0.4%. Yearly CPI was 2% which increased from 1.9%, but missed estimates for 2.1%. Monthly core CPI was 0.1% which was the same as March, but missed estimates for 0.2%. Yearly core CPI was 2.1% which met estimates and was up from 2%. However, this is all about rounding. Core CPI only increased from 2.04% to 2.07%. That’s hardly a big deal even for the Fed which likes to focus on getting core inflation to 2%. This slight increase won’t make the Fed hike rates in June. The Fed is far from hiking according to the Fed funds futures market. There is a 10% chance the Fed cuts rates in June and a 71% chance the Fed cuts rates at least once by the end of the year.

Shelter Inflation Stays High

As per usual, inflation was driven by medical costs and
shelter. Those make up about half of CPI. The fact that housing is the most important
component of inflation and is above overall inflation makes it the number one
category to follow. Specifically, on a non-seasonally adjusted basis, shelter
inflation was 3.4% and medical care services inflation was 2.3%. Rent of
primary residence inflation was 3.8% and owners’ equivalent rent of primary
residence inflation was 3.4%.

It’s a surprise to those who aren’t experienced with shelter
inflation that it is hasn’t fallen recently because home price growth has
cratered. As you can see from the chart below, the national home price index’s
growth rate has fallen from 6.47% last February to 4% this February. That’s
while shelter inflation hasn’t moved much. In that period, it went from 3.13%
to 3.37%. Shelter inflation actually increased while home price growth fell. If
the recent trend in home price growth continues, it will fall below shelter
inflation for the first time since August 2012.   

Further Details On The CPI Report

As you can see from the chart below, commodities inflation has perked up slightly as it is now at 0.9%. It still lags services inflation which is 2.7%. Commodities are 37.3% of CPI and services are 62.7%.

Core inflation is in a similar position as core commodities inflation was -0.2% and services less energy services inflation was 2.8%. Core commodities inflation was pushed lower by apparel which saw prices fall 3%. At the May press conference, Jerome Powell mentioned that apparel price inflation was low in March because of a change in methodology and transitory issues. However, apparel is a small portion of core inflation, so it would need to spike significantly to matter. Prices fell sharply in the April CPI reading.

Similarly, he mentioned airfare prices hurting core PCE inflation.
In the CPI report, airfare prices fell 1.8%. These “transitory” negative impacts
to inflation continued in April. He also mentioned how portfolio services
inflation was weak because stocks fell. He said there is a lag between stock
price performance and inflation. Therefore, he said this component will see increased
inflation in the future.

Energy commodities prices were up 2.9% yearly. This increase
was caused by gas which had a 3.1% increase. Fuel oil prices fell 0.9%. Food inflation,
which made a multi-year high last month, fell from 2.1% to 1.8%. The crash in
soybean prices caused by the trade war hurt food inflation. New vehicle
inflation was only 1.2%; used car and truck inflation was just 0.8%. With the recent
weak auto sales report, it’s no surprise inflation wasn’t elevated.

Conclusion

Rising jobless claims need to be monitored closely. You can look at weekly claims, yearly growth in claims, unadjusted claims, and the 4 week average to get the full picture. CPI wasn’t strong as core CPI only increased 4 basis points. The Fed won’t be hiking rates anytime soon. The April CPI report showed Powell was wrong to expect airfare and apparel inflation to increase. Shelter inflation is steady, unlike national home price growth which is crashing.

The post Shelter Inflation Stays High Despite Decline In Home Price Growth appeared first on UPFINA.

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